How to achieve sustainable management of ocean resources?
The world's oceans, with temperature, chemical composition, currents, and biology, drive the earth's system of human habitation. Ocean resources list including rain, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are ultimately provided and regulated by the oceans. Throughout history, the ocean resources have been an important channel for trade and transportation. And thus oceans research on ocean resources never stop in the course of management of ocean resources.
Careful management of this important global resource is a major aspect of building a sustainable future. However, due to pollution, ocean acidification and overfishing, coastal waters are gradually deteriorating, which is adversely affecting the functioning of large marine ecosystems and biodiversity, as well as small-scale fisheries.
What happens to deep sea animals because of ocean pollution? Several days ago, a huge whale was found dead with 1000 pieces of plastics in stomach. Indonesia government and environmentalists show concern about this and start to make efforts to reduce the use of plastic. Plastics pollution, of course, have already become the first killer of environmental threats to ocean.
To resume the marine ecological environment, and effectively protect natural resources of ocean across the globe, some international organizations put forward package plan to promote the high seas circulation. These concrete measures will be taken soon: prevent white pollution and waste from being dumped into ocean; increase port waste disposal facilities; and monitor healthy ocean processes. It is still our mission to reverse global depletion of ocean resources. Why is marine conservation research so important?
Apart from this, fishing fact also faces collapses. According to statistics, 12 percent of the world's population depends on fishing for its livelihood. Human beings get 17 percent of animal protein from fish and products made from ocean resources. Marine fishing and aquaculture provide food and livelihood for billions of people on the earth.
What are the difficulties in harnessing ocean resources? The main problems existing in ocean fisheries include the randomness of fishing gear selection, the imbalance of fishing structure, the low-cost use of resources, and the limitations and inadequacy of fishery management.
Even if we face huge ocean resource net, the total number of fish available in the oceans is changing due to the effects of both natural causes and human developments. It will be necessary to manage ocean fisheries in the coming years to make sure the needs of the present world without affecting the needs of future generations of mankind and number of fish caught never makes it to zero.
We should improve the environmental quality of coastal waters in a planned and step-by-step manner, actively solve the problems of environmental pollution and ecological damage in coastal waters, and gradually realize the coordinated development of the marine resources and the economy and society. As the cradle of life and an essential oceanic resources, the prevention of pollution and the degradation of marine ecosystems have been vital for sustainable management of ocean resources.
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